Samuel Gaines b. 1638

Samuel Gaines 9th great-grandfather on RootsMagic tree.

Samuel Gaines was born in Massachusetts, probably Lynn, in 1638 to Henry and Jane Partridge Gaines who left England for America in 1636. Henry and Jane died young, in their 30s, Jane died shortly after her husband Henry, she left a will presented in court at Salem, May of 1645. In the will the Gaines boys were set up in apprenticeships, Samuel was 6. He learned to read, write and run a farm. Samuel in his 20s married Ann and was a widow by age 27 in 1665. By 1667 he was in Connecticut and married Anna Burnham whose family lived near his home. Samuel and Anna had children and farmed. Through marriages 2 children of Samuel and Anna are 6th great grandparents of Faber Miller b. 1905: son Samuel (m. Rebecca Couch) and daughter Rebecca (m. Samuel Risley). Samuel died in 1700 at age 62. He left a will, about 27 pages handwritten, not yet read or transcribed.

Gaines, Jane will 1645

Records and files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts
Volume 1, Page 163

Lydia Gardiner b. 1669

Lydia was born about 1669 in Newport, Rhode Island to George Gardiner and 3rd wife Lydia Ballou. When her dad died in 1677 Lydia, her mom and brothers Robert and Peregrine went to Providence RI, where Lydia married Joesph Smith on April 4, 1689. Joseph was a weaver, they spent their lives in Providence. They had 6 sons and 3 daughters. Lydia died in 1723 her husband probably married again he lived until 1749.

Lydia and her children through her dad (3) and mom’s (2) marriages are connected to the Angell, Arnold, Ballou, Gardiner, Hawkins, Olney, Smith, Tefft and Whipple families.

Marriage Volume 2 page 77 image 121 of 444 , a family register for the people by Arnold. At

Lydia Gardiner (1669 – 1723)
Israel Smith (1689 – 1726)
Naomi Smith (1720 – 1799)
Israel Angell (1740 – 1832)
Asa Angell (1771 – 1842)
Dexter Angell (1794 – 1854)
Delia Viola Angell (1839 – 1916)
Matilda Flood (1858 – 1940)
Philippa Flood Mockford (1891 – 1979)
Elizabeth Speedy (1917 – 2005)

Mercy Sprague Tubbs b. 1623

Mercy Sprague 7th great grandmother of Faber Miller who married Gladys Cable.

Mercy was 6 in 1623 when she sailed on the Ann to Plymouth colony. Her dad Francis and ‘Anna’ are mentioned in the arrival records. Anna is probably Mercy’s sister, some believe Anna is Mercy’s mom, not enough info to decide absolutely so lots of theories.
May 22, 1627 Francis, Anna and Mercy 10 years old, were part of the 6th Lot in dividing up the cows and goats that also recently sailed to America. By 1637 at age 20, Mercy was married to William Tubbs, they had at least 3 children and a rocky marriage in Colonial America. Mercy and William eventually divorced.
48873869_1406062740By 1668 at age 50 or so, Mercy was gone from Plymouth. She may have been in love with Joseph Rogers of the Mayflower who was banished from Plymouth and sent to Rhode Island. Mercy probably died in Rhode Island near Joseph Rogers, her burial is unknown.
At Mercy’s Find A Grave Memorial there’s a photo of the Mercy Sprague Doll made by Mary Michaud for the Plimoth Plantation, Mercy’s doll is no longer offered, other characters are. Photo added to FindAGrave by Family Seeker.

Francis Brown b. 1610

Francis Brown b. 1610 9th great grandfather on RootsMagic tree

Francis Brown was born in England and sailed to America by 1636 when he married Mary Edwards. Francis connected with a Boston group led by Theophilus Eaton (would become gov’r) and John Davenport (religious leader).

In August 1637 Francis was part of an expedition searching for a new settlement, they found Quinnipiac (today East Haven, CT, also the name of a Native American nation long gone). Francis was one of seven to stay behind and begin building a settlement for all the group to join spring of 1638. “We may imagine they spent their time hewing, cleaving and sawing, hunting, trapping and collecting by bartering with the natives beaver and other furs.” The land was probably purchased with “twelve coats of English cloth, twelve alchemy spoons, twelve hatchets, twelve hoes, two dozen knives, twelve porringers, and four cases of French knives & scissors.” New Haven Connecticut was officially founded April 14, 1638, the first planned city in America, a “Nine Square Plan”.

In 1639 Francis became a freeman. In 1645 Francis asked the colonial court for a bit of land in exchange for being an on call ferryman. Francis stayed in New Haven until his death, noted in Connecticut Town Death Records, pre-1870 (Barbour Collection) at Ancestry. “Brown, Francis the first of that family d. 1668.”

Francis Brown 1610-1668
Eleazer Brown 1642-1714
Rebecca Brown 1684-1768
Mary English 1715-1791
Elizabeth Connable 1757-1821
William Newcomb Gaines 1825-1907
Mary Ella Gaines 1855-1917
William Earl Miller 1879-1949
Faber Miller 1905-1957 m. Gladys Cable 1913-1991

Land in exchange for ferry. Page 165 New-Haven Colony. Records of the Colony And Plantation of New Haven. Hartford: Case, Tiffany and company, 1857.

7 who stayed behind. Page 63 Atwater, Edward E. History of the Colony of New Haven, New Haven: Printed for the author, 1881

At Wikipedia, sources are provided,_Connecticut


Rebecca Rhodes b. 1651

Rebecca Rhodes 7th great grandmother of Elizabeth Speedy who married Stanley Roose Sr.
Rebecca Rhodes was born September 21, 1651 the daughter of Zachariah and Joanna Arnold Rhodes. Rebecca is in her father’s will with some conditions: I doe also Give and bequeath unto my Eldest daughter Elizabeth Eighty pounds to be due unto her at the age of 21 yeares or at ye day of her Marriage I also give unto my two daughters Mary and Rebeca sixty Pounds apeece to be payd to them at the age of twenty one yeares or at the time of their Marriage: But if my daughter Elizabeth, or my two daughters Mary and Rebeca if any or either of them Shall Marry or Match themselves with any Contrarey to ye Mind of their Mother or of my two friends whome I make my overseers; If so they doe, my will is then that it shall be in their Mothers liberty what to give them,whether anything or No.
Volume 3 page 82, The Early Records of the Town of Providence, Providence (R.I.). Record Commissioners at HathiTrust.

Rebecca’s married her 1st husband Nicholas Power in 1671, he died in 1675. Nicholas was possibly lost at sea, or killed ‘accidentally by his own friends in the Swamp Fight of King Phillips War’, both possible, neither proven. For sure when Rebecca’s 1st husband died in 1675, her home, colonial Providence, was destroyed by war: homes burned, possessions lost, settlers gone. On December 2, 1676 Rebecca married her 2nd husband Daniel Williams. Their marriage was a big deal and is noted as the 1st since “God mercifully restored ye Towne of Prouidence.”
Volume 8 page 15 The early records of the town of Providence at HathiTrust.

Rebecca and her husband are buried at Williams Family Cemetery in Rhode Island.

Rebecca Rhodes (1651 – 1727)
Mary Williams (1683 – 1759)
Martha Olney (1707 – 1793)
Martha Angell (1747 – 1793)
Asa Angell (1771 – 1842)
Dexter Angell (1794 – 1854)
Delia Viola Angell (1839 – 1916)
Matilda Elizabeth Flood (1858 – 1940)
Philippa Flood Mockford (1891 – 1979)
Elizabeth Speedy (1917 – 2005) m. Stanley Roose (1915 – 2004)

Philip Walker b. 1628

Philip Walker was born in Weymouth, Dorset, England in 1625. He was about fifteen when he came to Plymouth Colony with his mom around 1640. His mom is known as Widow Walker. She owned land in 1644. Bliss, Leonard, jr.The History of Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts. Boston: Otis, Broaders, and company, 1836.

Philip was an early deacon of the Congregational Church and a weaver and/or farmer. He was also a soldier in King Philip’s War, and helped to finance the war. Philip wrote one of the first American epic poems: Captan Perse & his coragios Company.  The poem was probably written in 1676, and Walker is writing about his personal experience. This 37 page PDF includes the poem, an introduction and context notes.

Captain Pierce’s battle  details at Wikipedia:

The Plymouth Colony Archive Project has a bio on Philip.

7th great grandfather of Elizabeth Matilda Speedy who married Stanley Roose Sr.

  • Philip Walker (1628 – 1679)
  • Samuel Walker (1655 – 1712)
  • Timothy Walker (1687 – 1745)
  • Eunice Walker (1728 – 1772)
  • Cynthia Hill (1763 – 1830)
  • Dexter Angell (1794 – 1854)
  • Delia Viola Angell (1839 – 1916)
  • Matilda  Flood (1858 – 1940)
  • Philippa Flood Mockford (1891 – 1979)
  • Elizabeth Speedy (1917 – 2005) m. Stanley Roose (1915 – 2004)

Thomas Bulkeley b. 1617

Thomas Bulkeley 18 and his family left England in 1634 or 35: “No doubt the long drawn out enrollments and the lack of effort to standardize spelling of the name were reflections of the family’s attempt to board the ship without being apprehended” from The Great Migration Vol 1 page 464. Thomas’s father Peter, a Puritan minister  had issues with the Church of England and Archbishop Laud, one of many, who left for New England. The Bulkeleys settled in Concord, Massachusetts and were part of a solid Puritan community.

In 1637 there were breaks in the Puritan community, Anne Hutchinson was part of it. Rev. Peter Bulkeley called her the devil. The breakdown was the Antinomian Controversy.  At an Ecclesiastical Council Reverend Bulkeley,  Reverend John Jones, John Cotton and others agreed to carry on and compromise.

In 1640 Thomas married Sarah Jones, the daughter of the Reverend John Jones. Rev. Buckeley and Rev. Jones were friends, the families were happy with the marriage.

In 1644 Reverend John Jones had to leave Concord he couldn’t abide by the religious beliefs. He left for Fairfield, Connecticut, many families left with Reverend Jones. Reverend Bulkeley in Concord was left with about 30 followers. Thomas and Sarah had to choose a side, his dad’s or her dad’s they chose her dad Reverend Jones’s side and moved to Fairfield.

Antinomian Controversy was huge in early America. My very basic understanding with no offense or expertise intended, it was the Covenant of Works -do this and you are saved- VS the Covenant of Grace -Christ did this so all are saved-. The whole story is at Wikipedia with 139 source citations.

Thomas Bulkeley (1617 – 1658)
Sarah Bulkeley (1640 – 1723)
Rebecca Brown (1684 – 1768)
Mary English (1715 – 1791)
John Connable (1749 – 1813)
Obed Gaines (1793 – 1877)
William Newcomb Gaines (1825 – 1907)
Mary Ella Gaines (1855 – 1917)
William Earl Miller (1879 – 1949)
Faber W Miller (1905 – 1957)

Daniel and Rebecca Rhodes Power Williams marry 1676

Daniel is the second son of Roger Williams, Roger is credited with founding Rhode Island when banished from Massachusetts because of radical religious beliefs. Rebecca Rhodes is the daughter of Joanna Arnold and Zachariah Rhodes, she first married Nicholas Power (he may have died at sea) she married second Daniel.

When they married around December 1, 1676 King Philips War was just ending. Dated entries in Volume 8 of The early records of the town of Providence, trace the end of the war, understood by most to be the deadliest war of the colonies.  From the preface, “The period succeeding the time embraced in the last named volume was one of disaster to the town, for the Indian War which had raged with varying success throughout the New England Colonies was then brought within the confines of Rhode Island. During a part of this period, previous to March, 28, 1676, and for some time thereafter the town was practically deserted, its business well nigh suspended and a portion of it destroyed by the ravages of the Indians. The townsmen however carried on such governmental affairs as were actually necessary, and during this time Roger Williams held the office of Town Clerk.”

Daniel and Rebecca’s wedding is recorded (Volume 8, page 15)

Dan: Williams & ye Widow Rebekah Power were married ye 2 of 10th ye first Mariage since God mercifully restored ye Towne of Prouidence.

So this could be the most real wedding story ever. “Our town was completely destroyed by war, people fled or were killed until only about 30 remained. We persevered, made a commitment and married.”

In this same Volume 8 Daniel’s brother Providence (page 14) is credited with rescuing his mom and maybe the town?

by Gods Providence it seasonably came to pass ye Providence Williams brought up his mother from Newport in his sloop and cleared ye towne by his vessel of all ye Indians to ye great peace and Content of all ye Inhabitants


Providence (R.I.). Record Commissioners. The Early Records of the Town of Providence, V. I-XXI … Providence: Snow & Farnham, city printers, 1892 (there are assorted editions of this ebook)

John Parrish b. 1640

John Parrish 11th great grandpa on RootsMagic tree

John was born in 1640 probably near Braintree, Massachusetts. He first married Hannah Jewell, she died before 1685 when John married Mary Waddell. John and Mary were active in Groton, John holding many elected positions: selectman, town council, surveyor, constable.

  • 1669: Original proprietor in Groton, granted 5 acres of land
  • 1676 Mar 13: The couple lived in Groton when it was destroyed by Indian wars
  • 1677: John was on the committee to rebuild after the town evacuated then returned months later. The record from October 12, 1677, Pages 52, 53, The Early Records of Groton, Massachusetts: 1662-1707 at HathiTrust, “This is the last record of any meeting held before the destruction of the town by the Indians, March 13, 1676. The inhabitants then were compelled to forsake their homes, and did not return until the spring of 1678. …that those present would go up in the spring following, and begin to repair our habitations again… which agreement he signed”.
  • 1685 John received 10 acres of land in Groton. After rebuilding the town, John and probably Mary, both played a big part in getting a pastor and church to Groton.
  • 1691 Dec 21, “At the same day thay did apoint and by uoat daclare that sd Josiah parkar and sar John parish & Wiliam longly & sam James parkar should go down & fach up som meet parson to preach to us & the town is to bare the charg”.
  • 1692 March 21, “Groton at a genaral town meting legally warned the town did then by uoat datannan that thay would giue to master hancock the full som of sixtey pound one fourth part siluer for a yers salarey for Preaching in order to ordnation in dew time and the other three parts in pay corn or prouishon at comon pays and mr hancocock bored himself:  John Parish was chosen to dascors with mr hancock to see if he wil acs apt of the towns profr”.


Groton (Mass. : Town). The Early Records of Groton, Massachusetts: 1662-1707. Groton: [Town of Groton], 1880.

Parish, Roswell. New England Parish Families: Descendants of John Parish of Groton, Mass, And Preston…  Rutland, Vt.: The Tuttle Publishing Company, inc, 1938.

And some $ Ancestry sources, Marriages, North American Families.